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Mount Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions: Kilimanjaro Trekking & Kilimanjaro hiking in Tanzania combined with an African Safari to Kenya, Tanzania and Zanzibar

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Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions | Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Africa Safari Destinations
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Tips For Planning Wildlife Safari to Kenya and Tanzania
Useful Tips For Planning Your Wildlife Safari to Kenya and Tanzania:
Kenya and Tanzania represent an amazing combination of an African wildlife safari. You will enjoy a memorable safari whether in individual countries or combining both countries.

Designing your Kenya and Tanzania safari itinerary
If you are thinking of combining the two countries, on an average budget safari overland, you are well-advised to put aside about 12 to 14 days at the minimum to allow you enjoy a well-designed safari program.

You can however visit more parks and reserves with the same number of days if you can afford to fly between some destinations. For example in, Kenya, there are regular, reliable schedule flights between Nairobi and some of the well-known wildlife areas like Maasai Mara, Amboseli and Samburu. Likewise, you will find similar regular schedule flights between Arusha and the various lodges in the vast Serengeti and Lake Manyara. Needless to say, by flying between some of the parks and reserves, you save on the time. This is of course besides the relative comfort that the flight options offer.

In comparison with the schedule fixed departure tours, a private safari is much better in the sense that it offers you the flexibility to make changes and enjoy the safari at your own pace. With the schedule fixed departure tours, one is obliged to follow the program as set from the beginning, taking into consideration the interest of the other participants.

The climate
If there is a perfect climate in the world, surely it is in East Africa with cool mornings and warm middays. Although it can be hot and sticky by the sea, inland the air is dry and even at midday the temperatures are equitable. Due to the proximity to the equator, sunrise occurs daily between 06.00hrs and 06.30hrs while sunset takes place 12 hours later. It can get quite chilly in the early morning and evening hence visitors should pack a sweater. Each time of year has its special attractions. There are two main rainy seasons - usually mid-April to the end of May and November to mid-December. Even during the rains, the weather can be pleasant with rain occurring in the early morning and late in the afternoon or evening. If you travel during the rainy season, insist on using 4WD vehicles for your overland travel between the nightstops.

Visa Regulations
Visitors must be in possession of valid visa before entering either Kenya or Tanzania. Most nationalities can obtain the tourist visa at the entry points – airports and designed border post. For both the tourist visa and commercial visa, the regulations vary dependent on nationality and country of origin. It is always advisable to check with the nearest tourist office or diplomatic mission. Your travel agent or tour operator may also be in position to advise you on specific visa needs.

Health regulations and medical advise
Inoculation centres in the country of origin will provide updated information and advice on health regulations and recommendations. As Kenya & Tanzania enjoy a healthy, invigorating climate, visitors need feel no concern for their general health during their stay. However, malaria is endemic in certain areas and anti-malaria medication should be taken according to prescription recommendations. Visitor requiring special medication should pack sufficient supplies in their hand luggage. Chemist shops are well stocked, but the same generic medication may not be readily available. It advisable to drink bottled water. On safari, rooms are provided with flasks of filtered and purified water. Mineral water is readily available.

Customs and exit regulations
Personal effects, film and cameras may be imported temporarily free of duty. However professional video equipment, tape recorders, radios, musical instruments and souvenirs from other countries may require a customs bond to ensure re-exportation. Baggage is normally inspected by customs officials on arrival and departure. Please strictly adhere to baggage limitations as advised by the airline as excess baggage charges can be quite expensive.

Airport and departure taxes
A local airport service charge is payable on departure for domestic flights. In some cases, it may be included on the airfare. Please seek clarification from our travel / booking agent.

The currency
Kenya’s currency is the Kenya Shilling (KES). Tanzania’s currency is Tanzania Shilling (Tsh). There is no restriction to the amount of foreign currency a visitor may import provided that it is exchanged through authorized dealers only. It is essential to retain a receipt for each transaction in order to re-exchange the local currency on departure. Foreign currency as the U.S. dollar or British pound (in cash or travellers cheque) are the most widely accepted. Well known credit cards are also widely accepted in Kenya & Tanzania It is a legal offence to deface local currency.

The Banks
Banking hours are from 09.00hrs to 14.00hrs Monday to Friday. Most Hotels and Lodges change money outside these hours.

Normal precautions as in any other destination worldwide should be taken. Keep a close watch on handbags, wallets and cameras when walking in crowded places and avoid walking at night (take a taxi). Place all valuables in safety deposit boxes at hotels and lodges and only carry small amounts of cash. Wear as little jewellery as possible, if any, and never leave valuables on show in an unattended car or tour bus. Taking photographs at airports, near military installations, of policemen, the President, the national flag, the State House, state lodges, soldiers, prisons and prisoners etc., is prohibited. Before photographing local people, permission should be obtained and a fixed price agreed. Seek the assistance of your driver/guide in this matter.

Driving is on the left for all countries.

Safari clothing should be casual and comfortable. Cotton slacks and shirts, with skirts and culottes for ladies and a light sweater or jacket, during the day. Evening wear in game lodges and safari camps can be very casual. In the more sophisticated clubs and hotels gentlemen will be required to wear a jacket, while ladies should dress rather more formally. At high altitudes, where early mornings and evenings can be very chilly, warm sweaters, socks and comfortable shoes are recommended. Pack suntan lotion, swimwear (to be reserved for the beach and pool only) and a small first aid kit. Local customs and modesty should be respected.

Most hotels, game lodges and safari camps offer a 24-hour inexpensive laundry service.

Voltage in East Africa is 240volts/50 cycles AC, British standard generally through three-pin square plugs. Some lodges and camps have power only in the early mornings and evenings and, in some, video charging facilities are centralized.

For your safari, it is strongly recommended that luggage is limited to one piece per person. A small overnight bag is essential. All city hotels provide secure storage for left luggage. On all itineraries where journeys by light aircraft are involved the baggage allowance would be around 15kgs per person.

There is no shortage of the more usual film throughout Kenya, however it is expensive and visitors are advised to bring plentiful supplies, especially where specialist film is concerned. As a general guide, double the amount of film normally needed in other areas. In Tanzania films may not be available. For wildlife photography a 35mm single reflex camera, with telephoto lens of 200mm to 300mm is recommended. Larger lenses which require a tripod, or double reflex cameras are generally impractical. An ultra violet filter, waterproof dust cover and spare batteries are essential. A pair of good quality binoculars for each person will be a great asset.

City Hotels check in and check out
The standard check-out time for city/town hotels is 10.00hrs. That means rooms may not normally be ready for occupancy until 12.00hrs. In case you anticipate and earlier arrival, please reserve rooms from the preceding night. Day rooms up to 18.00hrs are usually available.
African Safari - Tips and Guidelines on Money Matters and Tipping
After booking and confirming your travel arrangements, you may realize that you still need some more information even as you prepare for the trip to Africa. Some of the questions that you will have, relate to money – for example, the value of your home-country money in relation to local destination currency. You will probably need to know how much would be enough to cater for your needs. You will certainly need to know in what form you need to carry the money – whether cash, credit card or in form of checks.

The guideline below, although apt for travelers to East Africa, may apply to most other African destinations. Ultimately, the most reliable and current advise should come from your chosen African Safari Outfitter.

How To carry your money
Cash and travellers' checks each have advantage. Obviously cash is more readily exchanged and accepted and command a better exchange rate in East Africa. Travellers' checks on the other hand, are replaceable in case of lose. You should carry a combination. Decide what proportion of each to carry, according to your own taste or convenience against the risks that may arise. Try for a diversity of denominations such that you have a mix of smaller, medium and a few or the larger denominations of your home country currency.

You can change money at slightly less than standard bank rates in most hotels. Traveller's checks cannot be changed at hotels and lodges; it can only be done at banks and financial institutions.

Credit Cards
Major credit cards (and debit cards with Visa or Master Card logos) offer you a superb emergency back-up. Every traveller should carry one, even if you don't plan on using it. If your air ticket is lost, or you need to fly home in an emergency, your credit card can make this possible. Your credit card will be accepted in better shops in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, so if you develop an unplanned infatuation with an expensive art object, you can buy it without having to carry hundreds of dollars in cash or checks. Please remember to keep your receipts in case you have questions about the conversion or exchange rate. Also keep your receipts as a proof of purchase.

How Much Money To Take
Do not count on being able to withdraw cash with a credit card, a debit card or an ATM card. Whilst this service is becoming increasingly available, it might not be functional/available on some of the areas you might be visiting. Plan to carry enough money to cover your expected expenses, plus a small reserve. Your credit card can be your financial emergency back up kit.

By far, the biggest variable in your budget may as well be your taste for souvenirs. You take a few meals on your own; these will cost between $10 and $15 each, including a 10%-15% for tipping.

You might also spend a bit on telephone bills, laundry and drinks. Other incidental expenses may arise from domestic and regional airport departure taxes. This may happen in cases where your itinerary includes some internal flights and the tickets do not include the local departure tax. In such cases, these figures are variable depending on the dates of travel, the airport in question and even the country. A confirmation closer to your dates of travel with your Safari Outfitter may give you an idea.

Most people on our trips carry between $500 and $600 (for a two weeks visit) for all extra expenses. (If you have a safari extension, such as to the beach - take about $300 more) If this seems low, take more. If this seems high, remember that you don't have to spend it all.

The Local Currency
All the three East Africa Currencies (shillings) are composed of 100 cents. For current exchange rates, please refer to the internet or a newspaper.

Tipping Suggestions
In East Africa, all tipping on your trip is optional, and the amounts given, if any, are strictly dependent on your decision, obviously based on your satisfaction with the services rendered. For those who want suggestions, we offer the following guidelines.

You may budget for between 2% and 3% of the entire cost of your trip. Always remember that amounts given, if any, are personal decision, and if travelling in a group, every group member does not have to give the same amount. US dollar cash is preferred for tipping safari staff.

At the end of your trip, if travelling in a group: a volunteer group member can 'pass the hat' and present a collective tip to your drivers/guides. Many travellers give between $3 to $ 10 per safari day. You can also tip the drivers and guides individually.

Enjoy your trip to Africa.
African Safari Packing:
Going to African on Safari! This is How You Should be Packing!
Packing for your long-awaited safari to Africa may appear like such a little task until you begin. Then you suddenly realize you do not have sufficient information to help you make good choices on what to carry or leave behind. Many are gripped with anxiety trying to figure out what to take along in order to enjoy some level of comfort. A few commandments that might help you in the process of packing for your African Safari are given here:

Generally, keep your bag light
You are probably restricted to approximately 30-40 kilos on your flight. That fact along should in some way determine how much you will take along from home. In any case, you are better off if you were able to tote your bags yourself for short distances in the event this becomes necessary.

Besides, you'd like to have extra room left over for souvenirs at the end of the safari! Most travelers pack too much. Choose clothing with multiple uses. Find toiletries in sample sizes. Remove all disposable material from your gear before you leave home.

Get a day pack or rucksack:
For your daily necessities like water bottles, camera gear, sunscreen, etc, get a day pack or rucksack. Use this as your carry-on bag on your flights, and keep it with you during game drives and walking trips. A day pack keeps both hands free. Store camera gear and important papers in plastic bags within to protect them from dirt and moisture.

Packing your Carry-on Bag:
Use your day pack/rucksack as your carry-on bag for your flights. In it pack a change of clothes, camera gear, all medications (especially essential prescription medications), several changes of socks and underwear, and other irreplaceable or breakable items.

Get a duffel bag or soft-side luggage:
A sturdy zippered duffel need not to be expensive. Depending on how much you bring, you'll need a duffel about 26" to 30" long and about 12" to 15" in diameter. Look for heavy nylon fabric, wrap-around handles and a heavy-duty lockable zipper. You can buy a duffel bag with built-in wheels from just about anywhere.

Use plastic shopping bags, nylon stuff sacks, smaller zipper duffels or special mesh bags to separate clothing and gear inside your duffel. Isolate liquid toiletries in heavy duty zip-loc bags. Bring a few spare bags, including one for dirty laundry.

What clothing for your African Safari?
Plan to dress in layers so you can adjust to temperature changes. Be sure to bring all the warm clothing on your packing list. You will need at least one heavy wool sweater, as well as a warm fleece jacket in the season May to October – at least in the case of East Africa Safari.

You can buy clothing designed especially for travel. Avoid tight-fitting jeans. If you like to hand-wash your clothes, bring socks
and underwear made of silk or a cotton-synthetic blend, which will dry out overnight.

You may be on your feet a lot during game drives, where you can stand in the vehicle to view wildlife. Bring supportive and comfortable shoes. You might consider light hiking boots, for increased ankle support.

Style Hints
Dress on safari is functional and casual, while being neat and presentable in the lodges. In local communities, and to some extent in the lodges, your dress should be modest and conservative. Although many tourists are not sensitive to this, travelers who observe this are likely to receive a warmer welcome. Avoid tank tops and sleeveless shirts. You should usually not wear shorts in towns, and women will get better reception if they wear a mid-length skirt. (A travel skirt is also unbeatable for roadside pit stops in open country, so you can maintain a degree of modesty without hiking all the way to the horizon!).

Recommended Clothing
If you are on this trip over a period of about 2 weeks, the following list may serve as a good guideline on what to bring along in terms of clothing. You won't need much else, and you won't have room for much else in your duffel any way!

The list:
Short-sleeved cotton shirts - 5. Polo-style shirts are more versatile than T-shirts

Long sleeved cotton shirts - 2. These can include light dress shirts for sun protection and flannel shirts and cotton turtlenecks for layering

Trousers: two pairs, comfortable and loose-fitting. One lighter, one a bit heavier for warmth in the evening.
Travel skirt, for women. Not required, but highly recommended.

Underwear - 7 to 10 changes. Due to the very bumpy roads, brassieres are suggested for women, even if you usually don't wear one.

Fleece jacket
Light rain jacket with a hood. A water- proof breathable jacket can double as a wind breaker. This should be sized to fit over your sweater or fleece jacket

Light rain jacket with a hood. A water proof breathable jacket can double as a wind breaker. This should be sized to fit over your sweater or fleece jacket

Wide brim sun hat

Pack comfortable walking shoes. Look for shoes with good arch support. Sports sandals. Not required, but very highly recommended, especially if you are taking an extension tom the beach/coast.

Socks - 5 to 7 pairs. During May to August, one or two pairs should be warm hiking socks made of wool, capilene or Thermax.

Optional Clothing
Swim suit (recommended for dips in swimming pools, except in June July and August, when it might be too cool to swim- East Africa speaking)

Walking shorts, long-cut for modesty (Not needed May through August – East Africa speaking)

The above commandments are only suggestions provided for your convenience. It is important to mention that it is often possible to do laundry during the safari, although dryers might not be available.
Tips for planning wildlife safari to Kenya and Tanzania tour Kenya and Tanzania African wildlife safari African safari wildebeest migration in Masai Mara animal migration in Serengeti, wildlife safari packages Tanzania safaris Kenya safaris African safari holidays.
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Masai Mara - Serengeti wildebeest migration:
Wildebeest migration to and back from Serengeti into the Maasai Mara is the single most popular wildlife spectacle in Kenya. The wildebeest migration is such a phenomenon it involves movement of over 1 million animals crossing plains and rivers in the Mara migration. River crossings are the most spectacular where the wildebeest of Mara jump into rivers full of crocodiles and surging currents. The wildebeest is feted as the clown of the Savannah. Also known as a gnu, the animal has a structure resembling a young horse with a heavily built frontal shoulders and chest and a slender posterior. Its legs are so slender it’s intriguing how it supports the proportionately larger body frame. The ‘clown’ title results from its unusual behavior considered to other bovids, for example a gnu herd will usually scatter in different directions when attacked by a lion.
Lamu Town began life as a 14th century Swahili settlement. But the island has seen many visitors and influences, including Portuguese explorers, Turkish traders and the Omani Arabs. Despite all these influences, Lamu developed its own particular culture which has ultimately endured. The island is a beautiful place of rolling dunes and endless beaches, where tiny villages nestle among coconut and mango plantations and lateen sailed dhows ply the waters. Dense mangrove forests fringe the mainland and the inland sides of the island. The beach on Lamu Island is 12km of empty sands backing on to an ocean protected by a reef...Read more..
Mount Kenya: Mount Kenya National Park
Mount Kenya plays a crucial role in the life of the country being Kenya's single most important permanent watershed and her largest forest reserve. The fertile soils of its lower slopes also sustain the growth of the nation's richest farmlands whilst much of its vegetation is globally unique. In recent years, however, the Mountain has suffered greatly from the adverse effects of deforestation, resulting in large tracts of its lower slopes being entirely denuded of trees and occupied by squatters. And, although much of the vast forest cover remains intact, the growing demand for timber (Kenya's staple construction and fuel source) threatens to lead to even more serious deforestation and subsequent soil erosion.....Read more...
Bwindi , Uganda
Formerly known as the 'Impenetrable Forest',
this park is home to one of the largest surviving numbers of the mountain Gorilla in Africa and a superb location for a gorilla safari trek.. more
Also known as the spice islands, these exotic islands are one of the best honeymoon destinations and also make for a relaxing African beach holiday ... more

Shaba National Reserve
It is impossible to talk about the Shaba National Reserve without mentioning Samburu National Reserve, and Buffalo Springs National Reserve, because they are all intertwined, and they form a trio of unusual and attractive game sanctuaries, and all neighbours.

Shaba is a relatively small National Park being a little over 239 sq. kms, and it is only 70 kms north of Mount Kenya, at an altitude varying between 700-1500metres.

Visitors go to Parks to see wildlife, and the Shaba Game is outstanding. You have a very good chance of seeing Giraffe, Cheetah, leopard, and lion. You can add to this gazelle, oryx, zebra, and Gerenuk, but of course it is the predators that are most sought after....Read more..Tips for planning wildlife safari to Kenya and Tanzania tour Kenya and Tanzania African wildlife safari African safari wildebeest migration in Masai Mara animal migration in Serengeti, wildlife safari packages Tanzania safaris Kenya safaris African safari holidays.

Tips for planning wildlife safari to Kenya and Tanzania tour Kenya and Tanzania African wildlife safari African safari wildebeest migration in Masai Mara animal migration in Serengeti, wildlife safari packages Tanzania safaris Kenya safaris African safari holidays.

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